Paratubal muscules of eustachian tube

Paratubal musculature Traditionally four muscles are commonly cited as being associated with the eustachian tube: tensor veli palatini, levator veli palatini, salpingopharyngeus, and tensor tympani. Each has at one time…

eustachian tube parts

eustachian tube parts Cartilage: The contribution of the cartilage to the efficient functioning of the eustachian tube depends on its structure, composition, and attachment to the cranial base and paratubal…

The Middle-ear Cavity

The Middle-ear Cavity: – The structures of the middle ear are situated in a part of the temporal bone of the skull known as the mastoid process. Figure 5: middle…

Anatomy of Middle-ear

The Anatomy and Functions of the Middle-ear Structures The middle ear consists of three ossicles and the tympanic membrane,which can be considered as either part of the outer or middle…

otitis media with effusion and GERD

GERD and otitis media with effusion : GERD is associated with numerous respiratory conditions. Approximately 10% of patients presenting to ENT specialists have conditions that may be attributed to GERD.(…

Common Types of Rhinitis

What Are The Common Types of Rhinitis Rhinitis is one of the most common chronic conditions for which medical care is sought. Studies in the United States and United Kingdom…