chronic rhinitis medication
Before we go for chronic rhinitis medication, we should know what it is and how it can be prevented. We need to know its symptoms as well so that we can identify it when it happens to us. So, rhinitis is the inflammation of the inner wall of nasal cavity. The affected place itches and gives a burning sensation. The patients also sneeze for hours. They feel like something has been struck in their throat. Due to some factors the uppermost layer of those inner walls become sensitive and swell. This might block the air passage to some extent. So the patient might not feel comfortable with breathing. As a sign of reaction those epidermal cells produce thick mucus to take the particles out of the cavity. So, patients develop a running nose gradually. This is what rhinitis all about. If an individual suffers from these things throughout the year with few days interval, then it’s called chronic rhinitis.
Types of chronic rhinitis:
Generally, two types of chronic rhinitis are seen, allergic and non allergic. The first one happens whenever the patient is exposed to any of the objects he or she is allergic to. It can be pollen, molds, dust or per furs. The non allergic rhinitis is mainly caused by the irritants. These include change of weather conditions, change of medicines in case of blood pressure or diabetes patients.
Commonly used chronic rhinitis medication:
Antihistamine nasal sprays: It stops the itching, sneezing and production of the liquid mucus within few minutes. It might not be able to ease the swelling, so the congestion feeling inside the ear may continue. Histamine is the hormone that causes the tissues to swell upon reaction to the allergens. When antihistamine is sprayed over the tissues, histamine stops working. This sprays work only if you have a mild allergy situation.
Antihistamine tablets: this is a bit time taking alternative of chronic rhinitis medication . It works in the same way that the sprays work, but the delay can be explained by the time taken by the tablets to dissolve in stomach, getting absorbed in to blood and reach the affected area through blood stream. One advantage of these tablets is that it can cure multiple affected areas at one go. For example, if one is having both eye and nasal symptoms; these tablets make it through the bloodstream. Patients having severe inflammations throughout the body are given intravenous shots (liquid antihistamine) as alternative chronic rhinitis medication.
Steroid nasal sprays: the congestion due to swelling of the cells usually comes to its original state within few minutes of application of nasal sprays or tablet intake. If the swelling doesn’t reduce in time or continues to grow, steroid nasal sprays are given. The swelling is controlled within a couple of minutes. However, steroids should not be regularly used. These drops also reduce symptoms in eyes, stop mucus secretion.
Side effects of chronic rhinitis medication:
Upon prolonged usage of antihistamine or steroid sprays, affected cells get used to the normal does. More amounts of antihistamine tablets or liquids need to be sprayed. So, it’s suggested to stay away from the allergens and irritants causing chronic rhinitis in a person and avoid