Paratubal muscules of eustachian tube

Paratubal musculature Traditionally four muscles are commonly cited as being associated with the eustachian tube: tensor veli palatini, levator veli palatini, salpingopharyngeus, and tensor tympani. Each has at one time…

eustachian tube parts

eustachian tube parts Cartilage: The contribution of the cartilage to the efficient functioning of the eustachian tube depends on its structure, composition, and attachment to the cranial base and paratubal…

otitis media with effusion and GERD

GERD and otitis media with effusion : GERD is associated with numerous respiratory conditions. Approximately 10% of patients presenting to ENT specialists have conditions that may be attributed to GERD.(…